We have many damp and hidden places in our homes that are prone to develop mold and mildew during humid conditions. Despite of trying several measures and allowing proper ventilation, we are unable to eliminate it completely from all sections of the house. Apart from spoiling the material and make of our home, molds also has multiple health disadvantages for all of us.
Let’s find out what molds are, their common types, how they affect our health, and how we can keep our homes mold free.
What are molds?
These are a part of our environment and can be spotted at almost every location that has good amount of moisture and oxygen. Belonging to the kingdom Fungi, mold generally grows in moist places like soil, plants and dead or decaying matter. Outside our homes and other buildings, molds breaks down the dead organic substances such as fallen leaves, dead trees and other debris. However, we should always try our best to stop indoors molds as soon as we can.
Common types of molds
The most common kinds of molds that can be found anywhere in the environment includes:
Other than these, some other types of mold and mildew are Fusarium, Mucor, Penicillium, and Rhizopus. All these mold types have the capacity to grow on dead organic matter available in section of our nature; however we can detect their presence by unaided eye only when they form large clusters.
Adverse health effects of molds
When the mold spores are available at home in large quantities, they can have severe health impacts on humans. They lead to severe allergic reactions and respiratory problems for a really long time. Some of the molds are also believed to produce mycotoxins, which again have serious health risks for humans as well as animals. Experts have claimed that prolonged exposure to high levels of mycotoxins can result in neurological problems and in severe conditions, death. Symptoms triggered by any kinds of mold allergy are watery and itchy eyes, chronic cough, headaches or migraines, difficult breathing, rashes, fatigue, sinus issues, nasal blockage as well as frequent sneezing. Not only humans, molds can also pose a hazard to animal health as well.
Steps needed to keep our homes mold free
Here are some of the tricks that can help you in home mold remediation from every possible section in your house.
- Prevent water leakage: If you want to keep all kinds of molds at bay, the first thing you need to ensure is to stop all sorts of water leakages in the house. As moisture triggers the growth of molds, fix the leaking roofs, walls and pipes immediately to get optimum results.
- Lower down humidity level: Always ensure to keep your windows open and allow good ventilation level in the house. This prevents humidity and thus stops the growth of molds.
- Avoid keeping clothes wet for long: Make it a point to hang your clothes for drying as soon as you wash them. As wet clothes have high moisture content, they open way for molds to grow.
- Stop condensation: Concrete walls, windows and metal pipes generally have condensation. To fight condensation, ensure to maintain warm temperature in your homes by installing insulation.
- Allow direct sunlight into the house: Sunlight is an effective remedy for keeping molds away from your home. Keep curtain and doors open in the day time so that the sunlight can kill the moisture in the house and thus prevent the development of molds.
In addition to these measures, carrying out routine checks at the exterior of your home will assure that you detect the presence of mold growth immediately.